Import - Types of import

Companies import goods and services to supply to the domestic market at a cheaper price and better quality than competing goods manufactured in the domestic market. Companies import products that are not available in the local market.

Import substitution industrialization - Local ownership import substituting

In 2006, Michael Shuman proposed Local ownership import substituting (LOIS), as an alternative to neoliberalism. It rejects the ideology of there is no alternative. Shuman claims LOIS businesses are long term wealth generators, are less likely to exit destructively and have higher economic multipliers.

China's waste import ban - Waste import ban

China suggested in July 2017 to stop import 24 kinds of solid waste from foreign countries. Solid wastes including plastics, paper products, and textiles, etc. The new policy implemented on January 1, 2018, banned the imports of those 24 solid waste as mentioned above. An even tighter policy introduced on March 1, 2018, aimed to ban all waste imports to the country. Ministry of Ecology and Environment of China brought the policy into effect on April 19, 2018. 16 types of “Category 7” materials will be banned from import beginning December 31st, 2018. Another 16 materials will be banned on December 31, 2019. It's important to notice that, quite amount of imported foreign wastes were unauthorized by the government, which flowed in country through reselling licenses, fake report, and smuggling, etc., The conservative estimate is approximately a few times the national licensing quota. The cost of obtaining foreign waste is very low. It can be sold at a high price through simple process processing and obtain high profits. It is a “honey” for illegal people; but the process of dispose of foreign waste will cause serious pollution to the local atmosphere, water, and soil. It is a "poison" that destroys the local ecological environment and endangers the lives and health of the people. The documentaries "Plastic China" and "Beijing Besieged by Waste " told the cruel truth about garbage in China, and it is a story that revealed the poverty and humanity. Electronic waste transactions began in the eastern coastal areas of China and enabled local farmers to get rich quickly. Take Guiyu, Guangdong Province as an example, there are 150,000 people in the town, and 120,000 people are engaged in the e-waste industry. They handle millions of tons of e-waste every year, and the transaction amount is 75 million US dollars. After more than ten years of development of the garbage dismantling industry, Guiyu has already become a wealthy town. However, the wealth of Guiyu has come at the expense of environmental degradation. According to a research report published in 2010, 81.8% of rural children under the age of 6 have lead poisoning, and the source is likely to be lead ash from chip fragmentation or molten lead solder extracted pollution from gold, copper and other precious metals and semi-precious metals. The gold on the board needs to be separated by highly corrosive acids; after the high corrosive acid is used up, it is often poured into rivers and other open waters and further polluted environment, which is a vicious circle for the ecology. The waste ban policy is hopefully improves severe circumstances in China and facilitates the healthy development of people and society.

Import certificates - Import Certificate prices are market rather than government driven

The Import Certificate (IC) market price (per dollar of face value) is eventually an additional cost to USA purchasers’ of foreign goods. The IC price is directly dependent upon the USA’s purchasers’ aggregate willingness to pay additionally for foreign goods.

Import - Balance of trade

A country has demand for an import when the price of the good (or service) on the world market is less than the price on the domestic market.


In international trade, the importation and exportation of goods are limited by import quotas and mandates from the customs authority. The importing and exporting jurisdictions may impose a tariff (tax) on the goods. In addition, the importation and exportation of goods are subject to trade agreements between the importing and exporting jurisdictions.

Import - References

General Procedure of Import Trade


An import is goods brought into a jurisdiction, especially across a national border, from an external source. The party bringing in the good is called an importer. An import in the receiving country is an export from the sending country. Importation and exportation are the defining financial transactions of international trade.

Electricity sector in Belgium - Import

The electricity import in Belgium was 11 TWh in 2008. This was seventh highest import in the world behind Brazil (42 TWh), Italy (40 TWh), USA (33 TWh), the Netherlands (16 TWh), Finland (13 TWh), and the UK (11 TWh).

The Outliner of Giants - Import

The Outliner of Giants can import both plain text and the OPML XML format, which is commonly used to transfer data between outlining applications.

Geni.com - Import

From 2008 until December 2010, Geni had a built-in feature that allowed users to import their family history using the GEDCOM file format. This facility was disabled for eight years because Geni found it was duplicating thousands of existing profiles, often with poor information quality as compared to the existing profiles.

Conservation and restoration of ivory objects - Import

Commercial Purposes: It is now illegal to import African elephant ivory (raw, worked, antique, or brand new) into the United States for any commercial purpose.

TreeLine (outliner) - Import

TreeLine can open "plain" XML files, displaying the contents as an outline. It can import browser bookmarks.

Translation memory - Import

This function is used to transfer a text and its translation from a text file to the TM. Import can be done from a raw format, in which an external source text is available for importing into a TM along with its translation. Sometimes the texts have to be reprocessed by the user. There is another format that can be used to import: the native format. This format is the one that uses the TM to save translation memories in a file.

Economy of the Confederate States of America - Import

Blockade runners who sold to the public dealt almost exclusively in luxury and other high-profit items, despite the ever-present need for staple goods. The practice was so egregious that the Confederate Congress came to ban the import of luxury items, though the law was not effectively enforced. Smuggling over land, from either Mexico or Union territory, also provided a profitable trade in luxury items, though it also become a useful means of acquiring much-needed medicine.

Economy of Saint Martin - Import

The island has a high import dependency, making the it vulnerable for strong price fluctuations of both oil and foodstuffs.

Geni.com - Import

In February 2019 a new GEDCOM file import feature became available that allows the import of profiles which didn’t exist before on Geni. Only a few generations of a tree are imported at a time, continuing only on branches where there are no matches to existing profiles on Geni.

Import scene - Japanese products

Another part of the import scene is Japanese products that either explore or detail such racing, often introducing new fans to the scene. These are usually found through DVDs and books.

Import quota

An import quota is a type of trade restriction that sets a physical limit on the quantity of a good that can be imported into a country in a given period of time.

Captive import - Exceptions

Not every vehicle that appears to be a captive import really is. A vehicle which is foreign-designed or badged but assembled in the market where it is sold does not fall into this category. Such vehicles are frequently the result of joint venture or strategic alliance arrangements between automakers.