An absolute location is designated using a specific pairing of latitude and longitude in a Cartesian coordinate grid — for example, a Spherical coordinate system or an ellipsoid-based system such as the World Geodetic System — or similar methods. For instance, the position of Lake Maracaibo in Venezuela can be expressed using the coordinate system as the location 9.80°N (latitude), 71.56°W (longitude). It is, however, just one way. Alternative ways can be seen in this Geo Hack link:.
Location in mathematical terms offers coordinates that refer to a nominated point of reference.
Binary notation had not yet been standardized, so Napier used what he called location numerals to represent binary numbers. Napier's system uses sign-value notation to represent numbers; it uses successive letters from the Latin alphabet to represent successive powers of two: a = 2 0 = 1, b = 2 1 = 2, c = 2 2 = 4, d = 2 3 = 8, e = 2 4 = 16 and so on.
Location in network terms relates to locating network nodes. These include:
Using the reverse process, a location numeral can be converted to another numeral system. For example, when converting to a decimal numeral:
To represent a given number as a location numeral, that number is expressed as a sum of powers of two and then each power of two is replaced by its corresponding digit (letter). For example, when converting from a decimal numeral:
In Hotelling’s Location Model, firms do not exercise variations in product characteristics; firms compete and price their products in only one dimension, geographic location. Therefore, traditional usage of this model should be used for consumers who perceive products to be perfect substitutes or as a foundation for modern location models.
Network location awareness (NLA) describes the location of a node in a network.
In 1929, Hotelling developed a location model that demonstrates the relationship between location and pricing behavior of firms. He represented this notion through a line of fixed length. Assuming all consumers are identical (except for location) and consumers are evenly dispersed along the line, both the firms and consumer respond to changes in demand and the economic environment.
The International Civil Aviation Organization establishes sets of 4-letter location indicators which are published in ICAO Publication 7910. These are used by air traffic control agencies to identify airports and by weather agencies to produce METAR weather reports. The first letter indicates the region; for example, K for the contiguous United States, C for Canada, E for northern Europe, R for the Asian Far East, and Y for Australia. Examples of ICAO location indicators are RPLL for Manila Ninoy Aquino Airport and KCEF for Westover Joint Air Reserve Base.
In South Africa the word location originally referred to Mfengu settlements on the colonial side of the Kei River after the frontier war of 1835-1836. It came to have a more general meaning of a place where black people live, though the term township became the more common term after the 1960s.
Red Location was the first official housing scheme in Port Elizabeth. It soon became overcrowded and 'White Location' was developed to relieve the population pressures in Red Location. White location became the first economic housing scheme built after the urban areas of 1923 in South Africa. Soon after, subsequent locations were built, namely Monamee, Boastville, Elundi, and kwaFord. This group of locations is collectively known as New Brighton township.
Location identification is achieved by the highway location markers having numbers on them – usually the distance from some reference point.
In wireless networks, a range of technologies can be applied to location determination, the most basic of which uses the location of the radio transmitter as an approximation. The actual method applied is similar to the wiremap method, if a radio transmitter can be identified, then the location of the device can be given as the position of the transmitter with a region of uncertainty.
Initially Gubbs Location was land which was privately owned by Mr Gubbs. Black people spontaneously started to create dwelling places on his private property. With complaints from white people in the surroundings, the squatters were forcibly removed. Mr Gubbs then applied for permission from the council to allow black people to build their homes on his land, to which the council approved. Gubbs Location was established in 1860. The people of Gubbs Location resisted western influence by wearing their traditional attire and performing traditional practices. The occupants of Gubbs Location refused to live in western cottages and would build their own round huts. A total of 120 homes were built on Mr Gubbs' farm. An official town council was founded in 1885 for Gubbs Location. Soon after, dwellers of Gubbs Location were forced to leave for Red Location. They were given less than four days to evacuate.
'Locations' were different from the towns and cities around them. The oldest location in New Brighton township, Red Location, was the only area in the location where alcohol consumption was allowed. Red Location became a hub of social gatherings and had an energising communal spirit. A culture which is unique to townships/locations was created. This culture gave rise to a sense of belonging. Red Location had high levels of criminal activity and was overcrowded. The criminal activities in the evenings rendered the area unsafe for many residents of Red Location. During the late 1940s a famous criminal 'Mabuli' killed many people in Jabavu Road, his time of power was described as 'the reign of terror'. After his death, young boys from Red Location used the name 'Mabuli' as protection against rival gangs and criminals. Another well known criminal from Red Location was 'Bra Sixteen' whose weapon of choice was a bicycle spoke like the character "Butcher" in Athol Fugard's novel Tsotsi (1980). Fugard put the New Brighton township on the literary map in the 1960s through multiple plays including 'Tsotsi' and 'The Coat'.
Coopers location was situated between the ravine and was built to handle the overcrowding in Strangers Location. It was established in 1877. It was the second municipal location and housed 450 people. Many people from Strangers and Coopers lived in the location for up to 15 years. 1500 of the residences attended church regularly and 250 children attended schooling in the locations. A large proportion of people from Coopers Location went to Strangers Location for religious and schooling purposes.
Kloof, Gubbs and Coopers Locations were declared health hazards and the people were evicted. Many residences of these locations refused to move to Red Location after the passing of the Native Reserve Location Act of 1903. Many others moved to Korsten, which was a racially mixed area.
Strangers Location is the oldest location in Port Elizabeth. It was established in 1855 and started through a land grant by the British government. In 1844, Strangers Location had approximately 1700 people residences. They lived in 177 cottages and 37 huts paying 30/- for rent. The people living in this location included the Mfengu people, the Xhosa, Basotho, Zulu and Khoi people. Strangers Location was commonly known as 'Fingo City' as the majority of the residences were initially the Mfengu people. The Mfengu people were the first to work as labourers in Port Elizabeth and after time, inter-mixing of cultures occurred between the Mfengu people and other residences in the location. Officials decided to destroy Strangers Location after a bubonic plague in October 1901.
On the other hand, consumers in location models display preference for both the utility gained from a particular brand’s characteristics as well as its geographic location; these two factors form an enhanced “product characteristic space”. Consumers are now willing to sacrifice pleasure from products for a closer geographic location, and vice versa. For example, consumers realize high costs for products that are located far from their spatial point (e.g. transportation costs, time, etc.) and also for products that deviate from their ideal features. Firms have greater market power when they satisfy the consumer’s demand for products at closer distance or preferred products.