FK Sarajevo's rivalry with fellow Sarajevo club FK Željezničar is mainly focused on the strong animosity between the capital's working class and bourgeoisie, wherein the former traditionally inhabited the more liberal, yet poorer suburban neighbourhoods and mainly supported FK Željezničar, while the latter resided in the traditional and wealthy, mainly Bosniak dominated, old and central parts of the city and represented the main fan-base of FK Sarajevo. Furthermore, since its formation, FK Sarajevo has always been closely tied to the political and financial elites of Bosnia and Herzegovina, both in socialist Yugoslavia and since the country's independence, while FK Željezničar seldom had such influential support and has been considered a club of common folk, even though this notion can be disputed. Even though the rivalry between the two sides grew large from the very formation of FK Sarajevo, the two teams only met in friendly fixtures for the better part of a decade due to the fact that they competed in different levels of the Yugoslav football league system. The first official league match was held in 1954; FK Sarajevo won 6–1. This is still the biggest victory by any team in the Sarajevo derby. It is important to note that in the past few decades the class divide between clubs has partly eroded and both fan bases gather support from all classes, but the historical differences and animosities are still visible.
As of 4 October 2015, 126 Sarajevo derbies have been played, with 39 wins for FK Sarajevo, 39 for FK Željezničar and 47 draws (154:155).
Talents Sarajevo is a program launched in 2007, under the name Sarajevo Talent Campus, in co-operation with the Berlin International Film Festival and the Berlinale Talent Campus. Talents Sarajevo is an educational and networking platform for emerging film talents from South-Eastern European region (Azerbaijan, Bosnia and Herzegovina, Bulgaria, Croatia, Greece, Hungary, Kosovo, the Republic of Macedonia, Moldova, Montenegro, Romania, Slovenia, Serbia and Turkey). Each year, more than two hundred applications are received, and only eighty are carefully chosen to attend a six-day training led by some of the most prominent film professionals in the world. In addition to meeting other filmmakers and film professionals, young filmmakers are introduced to the work of established film professionals, informed about current trends and issues in the industry, and introduced to the international filmmaking community.
First Sarajevo derby was between SAŠK and Slavija between 1910 and 1945. After the World War II a major Sarajevo derby between Željezničar and Sarajevo emerged.
After the war, The Sarajevo Tunnel Museum was built onto the historic private house whose cellar served as the entrance to the Sarajevo Tunnel. Visitors can still walk down a small length of the tunnel (approximately 20 meters). The "house" museum exhibits archival materials including an 18-minute-long movie, war photographs, military equipment, flags, military uniforms, along with flotsam and jetsam. In 2004, local planning authorities were seeking funding for a "full reconstruction of the tunnel" and the "construction of museum buildings at its entrance and exit points".
Founded in 1975, correspondent network of the new national radio program Radio Sarajevo 2 (Drugi program) accounted more than 52 local radio stations with a coverage of about 80% of the population of BiH. Other local radio stations in Bosnia and Herzegovina were mainly funded by local governments and set up with the expertise of Radio Sarajevo, as part of the instruments of local governments, together with local newspapers and later TV stations. Radio stations jointly operated together with RTV Sarajevo national network and other members of the Yugoslav Radio Television media system.
In the urban area of Sarajevo, the first local radio station was opened on 1 July 1971 under the name Radio Sarajevo 202 (or Sarajevo 202 (AM from frequency 202). Unlike other 24 local radio stations in BiH, 202 was designed to entertain, inform and create a new role of radio listeners.
A Sarajevo Rose is a concrete scar caused by a mortar shell's explosion that was later filled with red resin. Mortar rounds landing on concrete create a unique fragmentation pattern that looks almost floral in arrangement. Because Sarajevo was a site of intense urban warfare and suffered thousands of shell explosions during the Siege of Sarajevo, the marked concrete patterns are a unique feature to the city.
The house and the land around Sarajevo Tunnel's entrance are owned by Bajro Kolar, a local man who runs the private museum. In a documentary about the Sarajevo War Tunnel, he talked about his reasons for turning the house into a war facility. He said, "whatever we have, we gave for the defense and liberation of Sarajevo." Having existed for 15 years without any governmental financial support, the museum is becoming one of the most visited sites of the Bosnian capital, with hundreds of daily visitors. Many guided tours in Sarajevo include the Tunnel Museum as one of the war sites most worth visiting in the city.
The third program (Treći program) Radio Sarajevo 3 started in 1973 and it was dedicated to the scientific and theoretical considerations, classical music and art.
Then, the infantry came into the city from the western direction of Ilidža, facing a spirited resistance from some 5,000 citizens of Sarajevo who heeded a call to arms. Pushing the resistance fighters towards the more densely populated city center, gunfire welcomed the invading troops “from every house, from every window, from every doorway…even women were taking part” as close combat ensued for individual streets and houses with children also resisting in addition to women. A particularly vicious battle took place near the Ali Pasha's Mosque with some 50 resistance fighters losing their lives with some executed right on the spot.
When Bosnia and Herzegovina declared independence from Yugoslavia and achieved United Nations recognition, Serbian leaders declared a new Serbian national state Republika Srpska (RS) which was carved out from the territory of Bosnia and Herzegovina. The Serbian Army encircled Sarajevo with a siege force of 18,000 stationed in the surrounding hills, from which they assaulted the city with artillery, mortars, tanks, anti-aircraft guns, heavy machine-guns, multiple rocket launchers, rocket-launched aircraft bombs, and sniper rifles. From 2 May 1992, the Serbs blockaded the city. The Bosnian government defence forces inside the besieged city were poorly equipped and unable to break the siege.
They met in Sarajevo at the "Assembly of Croats of Bosnia and Herzegovina" (Sabor Hrvata BiH) organized by a coordination of Bosnian Croat institutions and societies. In assembly's Declaration they called for the end of war and reconciliation of Bosniaks and Croats, proposing federalization of the country by dividing it in multiethnic cantons. This was a reaction to the concept of Boasnia and Herzegovina organized in three ethnic federal units (Bosniak-, Croat- and Serb-dominated, respectively), the proposal that was discussed by the international community at the peace talks in Geneva at the time. The Declaration's concept gained international, most notably American support and paved the road to the Washington Agreement in March 1994., creating Bosniak-Croat Federation, composed of 10 cantons. This ended the Croat-Bosniak War.
In February 1994 Croatian National Council was formed in Sarajevo with support of Croat member of the country's Presidency, Croat Peasant Party chairman Ivo Komšić. It gathered Bosnian Croat politicians and intellectuals such as Ivan Lovrenović, few members of the Catholic clergy (local franciscan friars and Sarajevo archbishop) opposed to the policy of HDZ BiH and the creation of a Croat entity in Bosnia and Herzegovina in 1992, Herzeg Bosnia, calling it "irresponsible".
According to Bono, Pavarotti was very fond of the idea of collaboration. Even before "Miss Sarajevo" was thought of, "He had been asking for a song. In fact, asking is an understatement. He had been crank-calling the house. He told me if I didn't write him a song, God would be very cross."
When the siege ended, the concrete scars caused by mortar shell explosions left marks that were filled with red resin. After the red resin was placed, it left floral patterns which led to them being dubbed Sarajevo Roses.
The Bosnian War for independence resulted in large-scale destruction and dramatic population shifts during the Siege of Sarajevo between 1992 and 1996. Thousands of Sarajevans lost their lives under the constant bombardment and sniper shooting at civilians by the Serb forces during the siege, the longest siege of a capital city in the history of modern warfare. Bosnian Serb forces of the Republika Srpska and the Yugoslav People's Army besieged Sarajevo from 5 April 1992 to 29 February 1996.
"Miss Sarajevo" was first performed 12 September 1995 at the annual Pavarotti and Friends concert in Modena, Italy. Bono, The Edge and Brian Eno joined Pavarotti on stage, with a complete orchestra, to premier the new Original Soundtracks 1 future single. All three dressed in black suits and white shirts and this was one of very few occasions where The Edge performed without his famous headgear. Anna Coleman, wife of Marc Coleman who works closely with the band, wrote the Italian libretto for the track. Roughly translated by Bono, the lyrics read:
The official Heart of Sarajevo have been awarded since 2004, and the 10th anniversary of the Sarajevo Film Festival. Its design, as a visual identity for the festival, was chosen in 2004 from the shape that has been in informal circulation since the very beginning of the festival in early 1990's, a heart designed by French fashion designer Agnès Andrée Marguerite Troublé a.k.a. Agnès B., a friend and patron of the Sarajevo Film Festival.
In addition to the Pavarotti and Friends performance, the song was played once on U2's 1997 PopMart Tour in Sarajevo with Brian Eno. U2 was the first band able to host a concert in the city since the end of the war, and the band was very pleased to be present there at the time. As per the Sarajevans' request, the show was not a benefit concert, and the band performed just as they did in any other city on the tour. The actual winner of the Miss Sarajevo pageant, Inela Nogić, was present at that show, and was escorted to the concert with the band themselves. Bono lost his voice during the concert, and unfortunately messed up during the performance of "Miss Sarajevo," and said afterwards, "Sarajevo, this song was written for you. I hope you like it, because we can't fucking play it." In reference to the performance, Larry Mullen, Jr. said, "That [was] an experience I will never forget for the rest of my life. And if I had to spend 20 years in the band just to play that show, and have done that, I think it would have been worthwhile."